When the soil dries out, the plant begins to wilt for the lack of water in plant tissue. As the plant dries out, both the roots and the upper part of the plants become dehydrated. This dehydrations process kills plant cells as they are no longer able to have enough water to carry out their normal photosynthesis and respiration activities.
Water is normally picked up by the growing points on all new roots. It is transferred up the plant to the xylem tissue (dead tissue) and evaporated out of the stomata wherethe moisture is lost and the root tips where the moisture is absorbed.
When drought conditions begin, one can usually see the leaf tissue turning a lighter color green. As the drought progresses, the leaf tissue will begin to roll upwards.
The above indicated that the plant is trying to conserve as much water as possible by closing the stomata and lessening the leaf tissue area for evaporation.
As the condition worsens, there is no addtional plant growth. In fact, leaf tissue begins to die. The same thing is happening in the root tissue, but it is not often observed by digging up the plants and looking at the roots.
As the plant tissue looses more and more water, the plant cells dehydrate and can no longer function. Therefore, death usually follows, if the situation becomes worse.
Few people understand, however, that it is possible for the live plant cells, which are located in the phloem tissue (live plant tissue) can synthesize water in the plant cells during the process of respiration. In other words, the plant cells, which are living in live tissue, can synthesize water for cellular use. This, of course, will inhibit the cellular tissue from dehydration.
From the above explanation, one can realize that it is possible to make a plant more drought tolerant by keeping the living plant cells from becoming toxic so that they can continue to synthesize water, while at the samet ime carrying out the process of photosynthesis. This is a complicated explanation, but it can be scientifically proven.
When plant cells become toxic, they become full of ethylene. The accumulation of ethylene in plant cells will increase the toxic substance so that they plant cells can no longer synthesize the amount of cellular water which will keep them alive. It is therefore possible, to spray an ehtylene inhibitor on drought stressed plants in order to increase their drought tolerance.
It is also possible for the same chemical treatment to encourage plant cells to become detoxified and increase the amount of water that each plant cell can generate in order for survival.
Foliar spray 1.0 pint per acre of Bio-Forge when stress is normally seen in the field. This is a single application per season. This application should last inside the plant for the duration of the annual growth.
When the plant is sprayed with Bio-Forge, the leaves will unroll and the plant will turn a darker green. This should occur within 6 days after the application is made.
Another feature of Bio-Forge will enable the grower to use less irrigation water. If plant cells are kept clean so that they can synthesize more water in the living tissue, less irrigation water will be needed in order to observe more normal plant growth.
As water becomes less and less available and the pumping cost of water becomes greater, due to energy costs, the reduction of irrigation water on a yearly basis, will be mroe important than just maintaining of the plant from drought stress and loss of yield.